Adapted from online presentation by Beverly Bostock ANP 7 May 2020
If you have diabetes you are more at risk of serious complications from Covid-19 and should seek medical advice early in the illness.
Any febrile illness can raise your blood sugars, including the prodromal phase when you don’t otherwise have symptoms. Once you are aware that you are coming down with something there are some useful ways of remembering how to monitor yourself.
Particularly for insulin users:
S – SUGAR – check your blood sugar more frequently than usual. For instance, if you would normally check your blood sugar every 5 hours during the day, double this to every 2.5 hours.
I – INSULIN – Adjust your insulin according to your blood sugars to keep within your target blood sugar level.
C – CARBOHYDRATE – If your blood sugar is low eat or drink more glucose or sugar/starch food items. If your blood sugar is high, drink plain water or more diet drinks.
K – KETONES – Use blood ketone stix or urine ketone stix to monitor your ketones if you are a type one diabetic every 4 hours or so. This is particularly important if you feel very ill, are nauseated, vomiting or have abdominal pain. If your ketones are high consider extra insulin, keep well hydrated and alert medical staff sooner rather than later.
Particularly for type twos:
It is important to keep well hydrated when you experience any illness but particularly an illness where you are febrile, or have vomiting, limited oral intake, or severe diarrhea.
Some drugs can worsen your response to dehydrating illness and you may need to seek advice from a doctor, nurse or pharmacist about stopping certain drugs and when it is appropriate to restart them.
You can remember what they are with the mnemonic: SADMAN
SGLT2 inhibitors, ACE inhibitors, Diuretics, Metformin, ARBs, and Non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.